Part One: MOON (Yereach H3394) in TORAH
Let’s start with a couple of questions…
Are there differences in the mandates that YHVH gave celestial bodies than what man has given them?
I would say yes.
Has Genesis 1:14-16 been misread all this time, and can these questions be proven between the pages of Genesis and Deuteronomy? All without looking at outside resources?
Again, I would say yes.
In this first series, we will be exploring these questions by digging into Scripture. We will seek to unravel some of the confusion surrounding the relationship between us, the sun, the moon, the stars and how YHVH has given His instructions for their uses. Only after exploring line after line and precept after precept will we discover something truly amazing.
Which brings us to the first question: what is the moon’s job description?
When we look at the word moon (Yereach H3394) and search for it in Torah, we find it only four times. Unlike popular beliefs, the first mention of the actual moon is not Genesis 1:14-16, but Genesis 37:9…
“And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me.”
Now, remember the rule of first mention?
“The law (or principle or rule) of first mention is a guideline that people use for studying Scripture. The law of first mention says that, to understand a particular word or doctrine, we must find the first place in Scripture that word or doctrine is revealed and study that passage. The reasoning is that the Bible’s first mention of a concept is the simplest and clearest presentation; doctrines are then more fully developed on that foundation. So, to fully understand an important and complex theological concept, Bible students are advised to start with its “first mention.”
In Genesis 37:9, the moon is playing a part in prophecy, not counting a month. Which makes me think of Revelation 12:1…
“And a great sign was seen in the heaven: a woman clad with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars”
Most of the New Testament verses speak about the moon in similar fashion.
But, looking back further into Torah, we learn more about the word moon (Yereach – H3394) and we see some trouble in these two verses:
“and lest you lift up your eyes to the heavens, and shall see the sun, and the moon, and the stars – all the host of the heavens – and you be drawn away into bowing down to them and serving them, which YHVH your Elohim has allotted to all the peoples under all the heavens.”
“and they should go and serve other gods, and worship them, the sun, or the moon, or any of the host of heaven, which he commanded you not to do,”
It appears that both of these verses issue warnings about even looking at the sun, moon or stars! It’s interesting that when we look further into these two Torah commands, we find them absent from the 613 Jewish commands list. Hmm… what other Commandments were left out, or added to that list?
Deuteronomy 33:14 is the last verse were we find the word moon…
“And for the precious fruits brought forth by the sun, and for the precious things put forth by the moon.”
If you are a gardener, you understand very well what this verse is talking about. The moon is telling the farmer when to plant above ground and below ground crops. The moon tugs at the water not only on oceans and lakes, but also water in the ground, making some days better than others for digging holes and dropping seeds. The moons influence even reaches the birds, and signals them to start their migratory process. The moon has an influence on many things and brings forth many agricultural fruits, but…
There are two things the moon does not and cannot do.
1. Complete a 30 day count.
2. Rule the night sky.
Many exclaim, “But it says in Genesis 1:14-16 that the moon is the lesser light!” Really, does it? Let’s take a peek at those verses.
“And Elohim said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years;
No mention of months – Chodesh
And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
These verses are speaking about creation day 4. There was 3 days of creation previous, without using the lesser or greater lights. We continue…
And Elohim made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: the stars also.”
Many of your Scriptures say, he madethe stars also. As if YHVH’s creation of the stars were somehow an afterthought.
In Jeremiah 31:35…
“Thus saith Elohim, which giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar: YHVH, Elohim of hosts is his name.”
In this verse, the actual duties of the celestial bodies are recorded.
The sun is for a light by day. The moon’s ordinances (agricultural, tidal, migratory, etc), and the stars for light by night. Ask yourself this question: how can the moon rule the night when it’s seen in the daytime throughout much of the month? It’s not a very faithful servant if it supposedly rules the night, is it? How can the moon, which only reflects the sun’s light, claim that light for it’s own?
To go even further, when we define the word lesser (H6996 qaton: young, small, insignificant, unimportant), we see that the word speaks of size (small). Since the moon and the sun look much the same size most of the day, where is the size difference here?
The answer is that the greater and lesser lights are two different sourced lights! Oh no, I can hear the arguments already with all the verses showing “her light”, so let’s take a closer look at Isaiah 13:13…
“For the stars of heaven and the constellation thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.”
It’s pretty clear who has the light in the night skies; the stars and the constellations. The sun is obviously the greater of the two lights, supplying the moon with light also, through reflection. The sun is darkened and the moon can’t cause her (the sun’s) light to shine.
The sun has both masculine and feminine features used as a noun. The moon is only masculine. Therefore, HER light could only come from the sun, not the moon. The light comes from the feminine trait of the sun and shares Her light with him, the moon. Incidentally, the sun is one of only a handful of Hebrew nouns that hold both male and female genders. This is the key to understanding where the moon gets it’s light!
More evidence of this shared light is found in Isaiah 60:19-20.
“No longer is the sun your light by day, nor does the moon give light to you for brightness, but YHVH shall be to you an everlasting light, and your Eohim your comeliness.
No longer does your sun go down, nor your moon withdraw itself, for YHVH shall be your everlasting light, and the days of your mourning shall be ended.”
There is no mention of the lesser light of the night. Only the shared light of the sun and moon.
To sum up, I explained the actual ordinances of the moon, sun and stars. How Genesis 1:14-16 has been misread for years. I also showed the warnings given by YHVH himself, and then explained that there is no use of the word moon in all the scriptures prior to Genesis 37:9.
In the next series we will look further into the word Month (Chodesh) and where the translators went wrong.
In the meantime, be Noble Like Bereans!